The Wire Fox Terrier is one of the many Terrier breeds of dog and was developed in England by fox hunting enthusiasts. It is believed that the Wire Fox is descended from the now extinct rough-coated, black-and-tan working terrier of Derbyshire, Durham, and Wales. It is believed they were also bred to chase foxed into their underground burrows. The dogs’ short, usually docked tails, were used as handles by the hunters to pull them back out of the fox burrows. Most likely due to the changing living conditions in the Western World, and the difficulty of keeping hunting terriers within the cities because of their strong prey drive, the breeds popularity declined again in the late 20th century.
This is a sturdy, well balanced dog and weighs between 15-21 pounds, and should not be more than 15 ½ inches in height. The head of the dog measured from the back of the occipital bone to the nostrils should be from 7- 7 1/4¼ches. His eyes are dark in color, moderately small, circular in shape, rather deep-set, and not too far part. The ears are small and V-shaped of moderate thickness. The flaps of the ears neatly fold over and drop forward close to the cheeks. His tail is set on rather high and carried gaily but not curled. The best coats of this breed appear to be broken, are of a dense wiry texture, and the hairs have a tendency to twist. The undercoat is finer and softer. White should be the predominant color and brown markings appear on the face and ears, with usually a black saddle or large splotch of color.
Energy and intelligence are two of the Wire Fox Terrier’s distinctive traits. He requires stimulation, exercise, and attention as his threshold for boredom is low. While the dog should be quick, alert, and ready to respond swiftly with enthusiasm, they should also be playful, communicative, and friendly with the proper care and exercise. The Wire Fox is an excellent companion of children; they are bold but not aggressive towards people. They make excellent watch dogs in the home. Because of its natural instinct to hunt, fenced in yards are recommended for these dogs as they will chase anything that crosses its path. Firm control to redirect these prey instincts is a must with this breed as well as enough exercise and diversion.
The life expectancy of the Wire Fox Terrier is about 15+ years. Epilepsy is highly suspected to have genetic components within this dog breed. Some other minor health issues within the breed include post nasal drip, lens luxation. Distichiasis, cataracts, Legg- Calve-Perthes, shoulder dislocation, and mast cell tumors.