The Weimaraner is a large-breed all-purpose gun dog originating in Germany. The breed standards for today’s Weimaraner supposedly developed in the late 18th and early 19th century. It was originally bred for hunting and was used by royalty for hunting large game such as bear, deer, and boar. The name Weimaraner comes from the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Karl August, whose court is based in the city of Weimar. The aim of the breed was to create a noble-looking, reliable gun-dog and was created specifically for the nobility. The breed was highly prized, and lived with the family, because of its restricted ownership and natural instinct. This was an all-purpose family dog that was excellent at guarding the home, hunting, and being loving and loyal towards children.
The Weimaraner has an athletic appearance, and traditionally the tail is docked, which should measure about 6 inches. Should the tail not be docked (as it is illegal in some countries), the British Kennel Club breed standard says the tail should reach to the hocks, and be carried below the level of the back when it is relaxed. The German standard calls for a full tail that is well coated, strong, and is carried above the line of the back as the dog is working. This breed has webbed paws which makes them excellent water dogs. The eyes of the dog may be grey, blue-grey, or light amber. The breed’s coat is short, smooth to the touch, and is hard. The common colors of the breeds coat can range from charcoal-blue, to mouse-grey, silver-grey, or even blue-grey. Because the dog does not have an undercoat to keep it warm, extreme cold should be avoided. The male Weimaraner stands between 25-27 inches tall at the withers, and the female between 23-25 inches at the withers. The males normally weigh between 70-80 pounds and females are generally between 55-70 pounds.
This breed requires frequent exercise in order to keep up with its energy that the hunting dog breed is prized for. The dog is very energetic and can easily wear out their owners. Because of this appropriate training to learn how to calm them and to help them control their behavior, is required. Without early socialization, the breed is known for becoming bored and creating their own fun (such as chewing on furniture) when left alone. Normally this breed is good with children but care should be taken with smaller children as the dogs have a tendency to knock them down during play. Early training to sit is important to prevent jumping in the future. This breed has an instinctive prey drive, and will sometimes tolerate cats but usually do not. They are likely to chase and will kill small animals entering their garden or backyard. A well trained Weimaraner is a good companion that will never leave its owners side.
The average lifespan of the Weimaraner is 11-14 years old. This breed is prone to bloat or gastric torsion due to its deep chest.