The Vizsla, originating in Hungary, is a medium-sized dog breed of the pointer type. In the 10th century, the ancestors of the present Vizsla, were the trusted and favorite hunting dogs of the Magyar tribes who lived in the Carpathian Basin. As companion dogs of the rally warlords and barons, the Vizsla blood was preserved pure for centuries. This was done by the land-owning aristocracy who jealously guarded them and continued to develop the breeds hunting ability. Throughout history the Vizsla feced and survived many near extinctions. At one point the breed was overrun by English Pointers, and German Shorthair Pointers in the 1800’s. Again they face extinction post World War II. In a careful search of Hungary, and a careful poll of Hungarian sportsman, about a dozen Vizslas of the try type were revealed. From this small stock, the Vizsla’s once again rose in prominence.
This medium-sized hunting dog is robust, but rather lightly built. This is a lean dog, has well defined muscles, and are seen as sharing some of the same characteristics as the Weimaraner. The average height of the male Vizsla is between 22-25 inches and the female is 21-24 inches. The average weight for the male dog is between 45-66 pounds and the female is 40-55 pounds. The nose of this breed will have a reddish color that blends with its coat color. If the nose is brown, black, light pink or another color this is an indicator the dog is of another breed. His eyes and nail color should also blend with its coat color. The Vizsla’s coat is normally a solid golden-rust color in different shadings, however some breeding programs have resulted in a solid rust coat. The coat should be short, smooth and dense. It should lie closely to the skin, and should not have a woolly undercoat. Because of its lack of an undercoat, the dog is unsuited to being kept outside. The American Breed standard states the tail should be docked two-thirds of its original length. In those countries where docking is illegal, the dog will hold its tail horizontal to the ground and will wag it vigorously while charging through rough scrub.
The Vizsla is highly affectionate, loyal, caring, energetic, and gentle- mannered. Because this breed is very loyal and affectionate, and quickly forms close bonds with their owners and children, the breed has often been referred to as “Velcro” dogs. When the Vizsla feels alone or neglected or is just otherwise unhappy, he will cry or whine. This breed is an excellent swimmer but some may need a little motivation to get in the water at first. Because the breed is a hunting breed, they require a great deal of exercise to be happy. This dog loves attention and thrives on exercise and interaction. They also need lots of mental stimulation when young as well due to their intelligence. This dog bores easily and can be destructive if left alone for too long. With early socialization and training, the Vizsla is gentle and can be great around children, and it wants to be close to its master as much as possible.
The average lifespan of the Vizsla is 9.15 years. Some inherent illnesses found within the breed include, hip dysplasia, canine epilepsy, cancer, and sebaceous adenitis. This breed can also suffer from hypothyroidism, dwarfism, persistent right aortic arch, tricuspid valve dysplasia, and progressive retinal atrophy. Some major risks with the breed include lymphosarcoma, and epilepsy. They are also prone to food and skin allergies.