The Pomeranian (also called the Pom or Pom Pom), is a Spitz breed of dog, named from the Pomerania region located in Central Europe (Today it is part of Northern Poland and eastern Germany). The breed is descended from the larger Spitz type dogs, namely the German Spitz. Because of its small size it is classified as a toy dog breed. This breed was made popular by many royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned an unusually small Pom, and the smaller variety then became even more popular. The size of the breed decreased by 50% during Queen Victoria’s lifetime alone.
This is a small breed weighing in at 4.2-7.7 lbs, and stands 5-11 inches tall at the withers. This is a very compact yet sturdy dog with a full textured coat and a highly plumed tail that is set flat and high. They have a fringe of feathery hair on the hind quarters, and its top coat forms a ruff of fur on the neck. Poms are well known for this. The breed comes in a variety of colors, the widest of any dog breed. The colors include white, black, brown, red, cream, orange, sable, blue, tan and black, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, plus any combination of those colors. The most common of the colors is orange, black or cream/white. The Poms coat is a double coat and is thick. The undercoat is thick, soft and short, while the outer coat is straight, long and harsh in texture.
The Pom is generally a lively, playful, and very friendly breed, however they are often aggressive to other dogs. They are known to be protective of their families and love spending time with them. This breed is an alert breed and are aware when things change within their environment. Barking at new stimuli can inadvertently lead into a habit of barking excessively in any situation. The dogs are intelligent, and respond well to training. They are a bit devious and are very good at getting what they want from their owners. This is an extroverted dog, and they love being the center of attention. However, they can become aggressive and dominant if not trained well. Giving the dog toys is a good way to encourage the Pom to spend time alone.
The average life expectancy of the Pom is 12-16 years. If the dog is well-bred, on a good, diet, and gets the appropriate amount of exercise, it will have few health problems. Some common health problems within the breed include luxating patella, tracheal collapse, “black skin disease”, Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, chronic skin infections, and reproductive hormone disorders.