The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, is a herding type dog breed, that originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is one of two Welsh Corgi breeds (the other is the Cardigan Welsh Corgi). They are decedents of the northern spitz-type dog, and its lineage has been traced back as far as 1107 AD. It has been said that Flemish Weavers, and Vikings brought the dogs as they traveled to reside in Wales. As far back as the 10th century, the breed is one of the oldest herding breeds of dogs, herding sheep, geese, ducks, horses, and cattle.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi should have ears that are erect, and proportionate to the equilateral triangle of the head. They should also be firm, tapered slightly to a rounded point, and of medium size. His head should be ‘foxy’ in its appearance and its shape. This dog differs from the closely related Cardigan Welsh Corgi in that it is shorter in its length, has smaller ears, and slightly straighter legs. The coat has a “fairy saddle”, and has slightly lighter markings on each sides of its withers. The slightly lighter markings are caused by changes in the length, thickness, and direction of the hair. Some of these dogs are born with their tails either missing or short, while others may have theirs docked, and should be no longer than 2 inches.
This breed is very affectionate, loves to be involved, and tend to follow their masters wherever they go. They are very eager to please their owners, which also makes them eager to learn and train. They also make good watchdogs due to their alertness and tendency to only bark when necessary. The Pembroke is well behaved around children and other pets, and will seek out the attention of everyone they meet. In order to avoid any anti-social behaviors or aggression later in life, early socialization is important. This breed is best kept inside fenced areas, because of their herding instincts and their love for wanting to chase anything that moves. This herding instinct will also cause some younger pups to nip at their masters ankles.
The average life span of the Pembroke is 12-15 years. This breed is a “true dwarf” breed, or achondroplastic. Because of their stature and build, they are subject to some non-inherited health conditions. Some common health issues within the breed include; monochidism, Von Willebrand’s disease, hip dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy, and some inherited eye problems. This breed is also prone to obesity due to the robust appetite of herding group breeds.