Miniature Pinscher


The Miniature Pinscher (Zwergpinscher, Min Pin) is a small dog breed that originates from Germany. This breeds earliest ancestors may include the German Pinscher, mixed with Dachshunds, and Italian Greyhounds. While historical artifacts and paintings place the Min Pin, as an old breed, factual documentation only began less than 200 years ago leaving its exact origins up for debate. Those who have researched the breed and many historians have added the shorthaired German Pinscher to the family tree.

Physical Appearance

The Min Pin is structurally a well-balanced dog. It is a sturdy, compact, smooth-coated, and short-coupled dog. They are vigorous and alert and its characteristic traits are its hackney-like action, complete self-possession, spirited presence, and fearless animation. The legs of the Min Pin should be straight with no bending either in or out. He generally sports a docked tail and cropped ears. The average size for the Min Pin should be about 10-12 ½ inches at the highest point of the shoulder blades. The length of the dog is equal to its height, although females may be a little longer. The ideal weight for the breed is 8-10 pounds. The coat of the Min Pin is short, smooth, and has no undercoat. The colors include solid red, blue stag red, stag red, fawn stag red, chocolate stag red, as well as black, blue, fawn, and chocolate with tan points or rust points.


As this is an assertive, active, independent, and outgoing dog, the Min Pin is best suited for experienced dog owners. They are energetic and need a fenced in yard to run in. As they are alert and wary of strangers, the breed makes good watch dogs. As young children tend to play rough, it is recommended that adults and teenagers play with the Min Pin. He is loyal to his master, alert, spirited and highly energetic. He is intelligent, can learn extremely well and wants to do so very much. His behavior will depend entirely on how he is treated. If the dog has set rules, boundaries, limitations, a daily walk, and a true pack leader, he will be a great family companion.


Generally the Min Pin is a healthy dog with few genetic problems. Some common health concerns within the breed include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, von Williebrand’s disease, progressive retinal atrophy, Legg-Calve-Perhtes Disease, epilepsy and patellar luxation. Due to his small size he is also more susceptible to injury such as that through the rough handling from a child. The average lifespan of the breed is 10-14 years.

Miniature Pinscher