Golden Retriever

History

The Golden Retriever is a large-sized dog breed that was bred to retrieve waterfowl that has been shot. For example; ducks and upland game birds during hunting and shooting parties. They were named ‘retriever’ because of their capability to retrieve shot game undamaged. The breed was originally bred in the mid-19th century in Scotland. At that time, wildfowl hunting was a popular sport for the affluent Scottish elite. However, the existing retriever breeds were not adequate for fetching downed game from both land and water. It was necessary to be able to retrieve from both land and water because the hunting terrain at the time was pocketed with rivers and marshy ponds. Consequently, the most effective water spaniels were crossed with the existing retrievers, leading to the establishment of the breed now known as the Golden Retriever.

Physical Appearence

The Golden Retriever is a large, powerfully built strain with a dense, water-repellant coat that is wavy. As a dog with origins in pedigree breeding, and because of its widespread popularity, regional variations of the breed have arisen. Three subtypes of the breed reflect typical variations in dimensions and coat, however all are blonde, yellow, or gold in color. The three subtypes are the British, American, and Canadian type.

British sort:
The skull of the British type is broader and its forequarters are more muscular than the others. The muzzle is well chiseled and balanced. Its coat is usually lighter in color than the American. The height s for this subtype are; males, between 22-24 inches at the withers, while females are between 20-22 inches at the withers. There are no specified weights for this subtype in UK standards, but Kennel Club standards calls for a level topline, and the hindquarters should be straight without a slight rear angulation that can be found in the American lines. The eyes are dark and round, and these types can have a coat color of any shade of cream or gold, red or mahogany however are not permitted.

American Type:
American types are less muscular and are lankier than the other types. This types height standards are males between 23-24 inches at the withers, and females 21.5-22.5. This types coat is darker, and can occur in various shades of gold with moderate feathering. When this type trots, their gait is well-coordinated, smooth, powerful and free. As the dog runs its feet should converge towards the center line of its balance. The American standard has requirements about the dog’s proportion substance, head and skull, body, topline, neck, forequarters and hindquarters. With that being said the American type is the same as the Golden Retrievers that conform to other national standards. Often time’s American breeders import some of their dogs from Britain because of the temperament and appearance of the British style.

Canadian type
The Canadian Golden Retriever has a thinner, darker coat and stands taller than other sorts. The males stand 23 and 24 in in height at withers; and females 21.5 to 22.5 in. Weight for the males is between 29-34 kg (65-75 pound); and females between 27-32 kg (60-70 lb).

As indicated by their name, their jackets vary from light golden to dark golden colors. The topcoat is water resistant and somewhat wavy, and sheds in small quantities through the entire year. The undercoat of this breed is soft; this helps to keep the dog cool in the summer, and warmer in the winter. During the spring and fall it sheds. This dogs coat should lie flat against its belly and should never be too long as it may be a hindrance to it when retrieving game. On the backs of their legs, Golden Retrievers have heavier feathering on the fronts of their necks, bottoms of their tails, and on the backs of their thighs.

Temperament

The character of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed. As described by the standard it is kind, friendly and confident. This breed makes excellent family pets, especially with children due to their patient personality. They are not typically dogs who are loyal to only one man as they are equally amiable to strangers and those he is familiar with. Because of their trusting, gentle disposition, they do not make good watch dogs. The typical Golden retriever is very calm, biddable, intelligent, and extremely eager to please. This breed is also exceptionally trainable because of their intellect, athleticism, and desire to please their owners. The Golden Retriever gets along well with other dogs, cats and most livestock. Because of their high level of sociability towards people, calmness and willingness to learn, this dog is often used as guide dogs, mobility assistance dogs, and search and rescue dogs.

Health

The average lifespan of the Golden Retriever is about 11-12 years. Some common health problems within the breed include; Cancer (various types), hip and elbow dysplasia, various eye diseases, various heart diseases, cardiomyopathy, and various joint diseases, allergies, and various skin diseases.[/fusion_text][fusion_widget_area name=”cs-2″ title_size=”” title_color=”” background_color=”” padding=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility” class=”” id=”” /][fusion_text]

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Golden Retriever