Bordeauxdog, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or the Dogue de Bordeaux is a large French Mastiff strain–and among one of the most historical French dog. This breed was known in France as early as the 14th century, namely in the southern France region called Bordeaux. For this the city gave its name to this dog. A uniform type of the Dogue de Bordeaux did not exist before around 1920.
This breed is a well-balanced, muscle bound, enormous dog with a powerful build. The Breeds size should come mostly from muscles and width, rather than from its height. The breed is set somewhat low to the floor unlike the English Mastiff. The body of the breed is thick set, having a top-line which has a small drop (topline is not totally straight) along with a gentle rounded croup. The front legs ought to be straight and heavy-boned, well up on pasterns, with tight feet that are almost cat-like. Its straight tail that begins thickly at the base, and tapers to a point, is set and carried low, and shouldn’t reach lower than the dogs hocks. The breed will be to be presented in a totally natural state with complete ears, tail, and dewclaws that are natural. It ought to be assessed equally for correctness in conformation, disposition, agility, and overall structural soundness.
The standard states that the desirable height, at adulthood, should range between 23 1/2 to 27 inches (60 to 69 cm) for male dogs and from 23 to 26 inches (58 to 66 cm) for females. Deviation from these borders is considered an error. The gigantic head is a strain characteristic that is crucial. For males, the circumference of the head, which is measured at the widest point of the skull, is approximately equivalent to the dog’s height at the withers (shoulders). For females, the circumference might not be marginally more. When looking at the dog from either the front or from above, its head forms a trapezoid shape. The longer top-line of the skull, along with the shorter line of its underjaw, should form the parallel sides of the trapezoid shape. The jaw is undershot and strong. The standard defines the coat of the dog to be’ fine, short, and soft to the touch’. Color variations of the breed include; shades of fawn to mahogany, with a red, brown, or black mask. However the red mask is true to the breed.
This breed is very calm, and relaxed, unless he is aroused. He requires moderate daily exercise and space to maintain fitness. This breed is loving and loves to be an integral part of the family. In order to avoid either aggressiveness or shyness this breed needs early socialization. Aggression towards other animals may be a problem, while he will not start a fight, he will finish it. He is a self-thinker, is stubborn, and likes to do things his way. He will respond best to early consistent training that includes the use of food as reward, happy praise, and steady, firm leadership.
The life expectancy of this breed is shorter than even breeds comparable to its size. The average lifespan of the dog is 5-6 years. Because of its massive head this breed can be affected by breathing problems, because of this some may be heat and exercise intolerant. Other health issues with this breed include; aortic stenosis, ectropion, and dilated cardiomyopathy.