The Dalmatian is a large dog breed, defined for its unique liver or black spotted coat, and was used mainly as a carriage dog early on. Its roots trace back to Croatia and its particular historical region of Dalmatia. The parts of this ancient breed are as varied as their reputed ancestors. They were used as dogs of war, to aid in guarding the borders of Dalmatia. To this day, the strain keeps a high guarding instinct; although friendly and loyal to those the dog understands and trusts, it is often aloof with strangers and unknown dogs. Dalmatians are famous because of their role as firefighting apparatus escorts and also firehouse mascots. Since Dalmatians and horses are very compatible, the dogs were readily trained to run before the carriages to help clear a path and fast guide the horses and firefighters to the fires. Dalmatians tend to be considered great watchdogs, plus they could happen to be useful to fire brigades as guard dogs to protect a firehouse its own gear. Fire engines used to be drawn by powerful and swift horses, a tempting target for thieves, so Dalmatians were kept in the firehouse as a deterrence to theft.
The Dalmatian is a large, well-defined dog. The breed is a muscular dog with excellent endurance and stamina. The body is as long from fore-chest to buttocks as it’s tall at the withers, as well as the shoulders are laid back. According to the American Kennel Club standard, the Dalmatian should stand from 19-23 inches, with the male dogs being slightly taller than the female. The Dalmatian’s feet are round with well-arched toes. The ears that are narrow, taper to the tip and are set fairly high and near the head. Eye color varies between brown, amber, or blue, with some dogs having one blue eye and one brown eye, or alternative mixtures. Dalmatian pups are born with plain white coats and their first spots generally appear within 3 to 4 weeks after delivery. After about a month, they have most of their spots, although they continue to grow throughout life at a much slower pace. Spots generally range in size from 30 to 60 millimeter and are most typically black or brown (liver) on a white backdrop. The Dalmatian jacket is usually short, fine, and dense, although smooth-coated Dalmatians occasionally produce long-coated offspring, which shed less frequently.
They love to be with individuals and will desire to be included in all family activities, be it indoors or outdoors. They like to go for rides in the vehicle and travel well. Though toddlers could be knocked down by an enthusiastic dog, Dalmatians are friendly with people and great with children. They can be excellent pets for first-time dog owners and are normally a joy to live with.
Dalmatians are a simple to keep and comparatively healthy strain. As with other breeds, Dalmatians exhibit a propensity towards particular health problems unique to their strain, for example, urinary stones, deafness, and allergies. Even though some can live as long as 15, the Dalmatian Club of America records the typical lifespan of a Dalmatian at between 11 and 13 years.