The dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied dog breed that belongs to the hound family. The standard size dachshund was developed to scent, pursue, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the miniature dachshund was bred to hunt smaller prey like rabbits. In the U.S., they’ve been utilized to track wounded deer and hunt prairie dogs. The name “dachshund” is of German origin and literally means “badger dog”. For their long, narrow build, they’re often nicknamed wiener dog or sausage dog.

Physical Appearance

An average dachshund is long -bodied and muscular with short, stubby legs. Its front paws are extraordinarily large and paddle-formed for extreme digging. It has skin that’s loose enough to not tear while tunneling in tight burrows while chasing prey. Its snout is long with an elevated nose area that absorbs smells. This breed has a deep barreled chest that gives in increased lung capacity to aid in stamina while hunting. The breed comes in a variety of three coat types; smooth (short hair), longhaired, and wirehaired. The wirehaired variety is the least common variety in the U.S., and it is the most recent to appear in breeding standards.  Long-haired dachshunds have a silky coat and short featherings on ears and legs. Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature,and kaninchen (German for “rabbit”). Although the mini and standard sizes are recognized almost universally, clubs in Great Britain and the United States do not recognize the bunny size. A full-grown standard dachshund averages 16 lb (7.3 kg) to 32 pounds (15 kg), while the miniature variety typically weighs less than 12 lb (5.4 kg).


Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be very tenacious, and are famous because of their tendency for pursuing birds, small animals, and tennis balls with great dedication and ferocity. Many dachshunds are not docile, making them a challenge to train. Dachshunds are statistically more aggressive to other dogs and strangers. Despite this, they may be rated in the intelligence of dogs as an average working dog with a constant capability to follow trained commands 50% of the time or maybe more. This breed may have a loud bark. Some might need training to stop, while some will not bark as much. Though they can be weary towards strangers, dachshunds are famous for their commitment and faithfulness for their owners. Many dachshunds will whine until they’ve companionship, if left alone. Like many dogs if left alone too frequently, some dachshunds may chew on items in the house to alleviate tension and are prone to separation anxiety. Many dachshunds don’t like people that are unknown, and many will growl or bark at them. Dachshunds may not be the very best pets for small kids. Like any dog, dachshunds need a proper introduction at a young age. Well trained well behaved children usually get along good with dachshunds.


The breed is prone to spinal difficulties, especially intervertebral disk disease (IVDD), due in part to an incredibly long spinal column and short rib cage. As well as back problems, the strain can also be prone to patellar luxation that’s where the kneecap can become dislodged. Dachshunds are often affected by Osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease). Other common problems Dachshunds encounter are; hereditary epilepsy, dental problems, Cushing’s syndrome, thyroid and autoimmune problems, allergies, various eye conditions, and atopies.