The Brittany is a variety of gun-dog bred mainly for bird hunting. The breed’s operating characteristics are more similar to those of a pointer or setter even though it is often known as a Spaniel. Brittanys were developed in France between the 16th and 17th centuries in the Brittany province, getting officially identified early within the 20th. The name “Brittany” is taken from the region of northwestern France known as Brittany, where the dog came from.  The first prepared and verifiable history of Brittanys originates from a hunting description by Reverand Davies in 1850. The dog was described by him as hunting with small “bobtailed” dogs that were excellent at pointing and retrieving.

Physical Appearance

The Brittany is small, solid, energetic and quite athletic, but without being too heavy. They are mostly born with short tails, but rarely one will be born with a long tail that will need to be docked to a length of 3-10 centimeters.

The breed’s cover color is varied: the most common being an orange and white coat, or a liver and white coat. Some others colors include a river roan and orange roan.
Brittanys are medium sized pets, with American Lines(17.5–20.5 inches (44–52 cm)) at the withers based on an AKC standard implemented in 1990) tending to be bigger and also have a blockier head than the French (17–20.5 inches (43–52 cm)), and girls in the lower end. An adequately built and healthful Brittany keeps a weight between 30–45 pounds (14–20 kg), dependent on height.


The Brittany was actually bred to be a hunting dog dog and mentioned for being sweet-natured and not difficult to train. The breed is normally more sensitive to modification than other hunters, and tough corrections tend to be unnecessary. Brittanys may become really shy if not extensively socialized in a small age, and even among well-socialized dogs there is important variation in levels of friendliness.

Brittanys, when have been socialized well are a very sound dog, great as companions, field dogs, as well as family dogs. Desperate to please and welcoming, they so are loyal and attached to their owners and generally learn rapidly. They are energetic and require at the least one hour of healthy exercise every day several wanting a lot more than this. Some pets will be over-active or hyper-sensitive, but these troubles are almost invariably due to insufficient workout and coaching, and so are not characteristics of well cared-for pets.


Brittanys are often healthy and robust pets. The mean lifespan for Brittanys in France is 12.6 years. A UK Kennel Club study places the breeds median lifespan average life span at 12 years and 11 months. This includes the avergage of about 1 in 5 dogs dying of old age around 15-15 years. Brittanys do not have any undercoat and need minimum amounts grooming or bathing. Nevertheless, their floppy ears have a tendency to trap moisture within the ear canal and really should be washed regularly.